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How the far right and the hard right govern when they are in power in Europe



🇳🇱 Netherlands. The most right-wing government in history

Like the European elections of June 9 in France, the Dutch legislative elections of November 2023 delivered a resounding victory for the far right. With this difference: while in France, polls and elections have long pointed to the rise of the National Rally (RN), in the Netherlands no one expected Geert Wilders’ Party for Freedom (PVV) to come out on top, with 37 seats compared to 17 in the previous legislative elections. Despite this, at least 75 are needed to form a government; the PVV therefore engaged in negotiations with three other right-wing parties that lasted more than six months.

Unlike the RN, this relatively young party, founded in 2006, has never tried to soften its image – its programme very explicitly advocates the end of the right to asylum and dual nationality and the “no mosque, no Quran”Its emblematic leader, who lives under very high protection, is also known for managing his training in an ultra-centralized manner, “as a one-man affair“, summary General Day.

To allow the negotiations to succeed, Wilders has agreed not to be prime minister and to put forward some of his most controversial proposals. “in the fridge”. “But not in the trash,” highlights the daily NRC. After many twists and turns, “the most right-wing government in Dutch history”, as noted by the public channel NPO, was able to take the oath of office on 2 July, under the leadership of senior civil servant Dick Schoof as Prime Minister. The portfolio for Asylum and Migration falls to the PVV: Minister Marjolein Faber, who had described the previous government as “fifth column” and supported the thesis of the “great replacement”, will have the mission of establishing “the most severe asylum policy ever implemented” and get a “opt-out”, that is, an exemption from the rules that govern these matters in the European Union.

🇸🇪 Sweden: Direct influence on the executive

On October 18, 2024, it will be two years since a far-right party actively supported the Swedish government, which has a minority in Parliament. This is unprecedented for the kingdom. This is what the right-wing coalition wanted victorious exit from the 2022 legislative electionseven if it means neglecting the neo-Nazi roots of the Sweden Democrats (SD). It is true that this party, born in 1988, ended up, like the RN in France, breaking through. To the point of

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